The Tomato

Lycopersicon esculentum

Cultivation

We grow it from seedlings. We transplant it outdoors when the temperatures during the day exceed 18 ° C, the night ones instead the 10 ° C. Virgulti too large develop more difficultly and yield later. The tall tomato needs support. The bunched tomato does not. The tall tomato must be grown only on a stem. We eliminate the new stems that are born near the leaves. If the summer is wet, we remove some leaves. We put the support before planting the seedlings so as not to damage the roots.

Distances

Cluster tomato: between the rows at least 50 cm, among the plants in a row at least 50 cm. Pomodoro alto: between the rows at least 70 cm, between the plants in a row at least 70 cm. For grafting 20 cm more shoots. Cultivation on two stems: between the rows at least 90 cm, between the plants in a row at least 150 cm.

Position

With sunny skies.

Quantity

Four plants per person.

Date of sowing

For mid-February, mid-March. It sprouts 8-14 days. We transplant when the cotyledons are in a horizontal position.

Composting

It needs numerous nutrients. We fertilize with decayed manure or house compost. We feed further with a concoction of comfrey or mulch. Among the mineral fertilizers, we choose those with more potassium. When the fruits are still small, we recommend foliar fertilization with potassium, especially in hot and dry summers. We are careful that the earth has enough boron.

Watering

It needs a lot of water. We water at least every three days up to a depth of 30 cm. We do not drink water on the leaves.

Good neighbors

Zucchini, onion, garlic, chives, leek, black horseradish, radish, celery, broad beans, low beans, parsley, radicchio, asparagus, sweet corn. Among the rows of tomatoes, we can plant lettuce, lamb’s lettuce, or spinach.

Bad neighbors

peas, potatoes, cabbage, fennel

Diseases and pests

Potato mildew. It occurs when the plants are wet for an extended period, when the temperatures turn between 20 and 30 ° C. The tomato should not be planted close to the potato, the shoots should not be too large (still without flowers), close plant the onion, garlic or basil, sprinkle with the mixture of milk and water (1: 1), thin out the leaves (up to five a week), we sfemminnelliamo and remove the lower leaves, do not touch the wet plants, do not water on the leaves, we provide the wet plants to dry soon.

Collection

We harvest ripe fruits to use them as needed – we are careful not to damage the stem, and we do not collect when the plants are wet. When the plants begin to weaken, we gather all the fruits – in a warm and dry environment, they will also ripen at home. To use them during the winter, we prepare the sauce or freeze them.

Supply

We consume fruits, which, for the most part, are red. It contains numerous antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins. Green fruits, not ripe, contain solanine, which is poisonous.

Important

For stronger roots, we plant it deeper and deeper with each transplant, but so that the first leaves are a few cms above the surface. If we sow for several years on the same place, this is good for the tomato, but also pests and mushrooms – so it is better to avoid it.

Special features

It is a plant that depends on heat. There are species in clusters and high. Those in bunches do not need support, we fertilize them less, they are more precocious, but the fruits all ripen together.

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