Water is the main component of plants, and through the water, the plants receive all the nutrients. Therefore plants must not be missing, which means that during drought, the plants must be irrigated.
Some basic rules for effective irrigation:
- we must provide for light earth because rain does not flow away from the crust.
- The best way to irrigate is by drip irrigation; the tubes are positioned along the rows of the plants. It is easier than watering the garden to carry watering with sprinklers, but we must leave them open long enough for the plants to be well watered.
- If we water with the pipe, at the edges of the flowerbeds, we plant protective sticks so as not to damage the crop with the pipe.
- The most suitable water for watering is rainwater. The water from the hydraulic system must be left to rest for a while. We ensure that the water is warm and not very cold; the water must have a temperature similar to the plants. Otherwise, the plants will experience a shock.
- In the summer we irrigate early in the morning, if this is not possible, late in the evening for the earth to cool down. At the beginning of spring and at the end of autumn, we irrigate the morning because the water does not freeze during the night.
- With mild irrigation, we begin as early as the air temperature exceeds 20 ° C and does not rain (abundantly) for a week.
- If the earth is a bit wet, it will more easily retain rainwater, so even before the forecasted rain, we water the garden.
- We do not water very little every day, but rather one or two times a week, abundantly, the plants develop shallow roots. The exception is the new sowing, which must be watered often and in smaller quantities because the earth is moist but not too wet.
- When we are still in the process of learning gardening and irrigation, we check how much water penetrates into the soil and to what depth.
- Some plants don’t like to be watered on the leaves. This can also cause developmental diseases that require moisture on the leaves.
- We can make irrigation easier with perforated irrigation pipes, while larger plants can also be irrigated with plastic bottles with a narrow collar that is placed upside down (without a lid) at the plant so that the bottom (cutaway) out of the ground, and pour in the water.
- Most low plants can be watered from above (on the leaves), but not with cold water on warm leaves. We carry out this process from the beginning. In this way, we prevent the formation of the flagging.
- To keep the water longer, the earth must be covered as much as possible: the use of mulches (straw, dry cut grass, bark), the combination of plants that grow faster and more slowly (radish/horseradish between the lettuce and radicchio, green beans among cabbages, small lettuce between tomatoes/paprika), on empty flower beds we sow the plants for green fertilization.
- If the temperatures are very high, we water the plants once a week with algae preparations. We provide shade. We plant the low plants in the shadow of the high ones.
- Because drought with low temperatures does not deceive us, we follow the web pages with the water balance.
- If the earth has dried too much, we water slowly, several times in smaller quantities with half-hour breaks. We check with the shovel that the ground is quite wet.